If you have don't have a car, see other modes of transportation under "Transportation." If you do have a car, read on....
Visitors and students from out of the country who are in Wisconsin for more than 12 months, and plan to operate a motor vehicle in Wisconsin, must obtain a Wisconsin license. If Wisconsin residency is established, a Wisconsin license must be obtained within 60 days. You must bring proof of Wisconsin residency and proof of identity. Service Centers: Madison East, 2001 Bartillon Dr.; Madison West, 4802 Sheboygan Ave.; and Madison Odana Renewal Center, 6514 Odana Rd., Suite 4 (renewals only, closed Mondays).
When you become a Wisconsin resident, you must register your vehicle and get Wisconsin license plates. You are considered a Wisconsin resident if: your principal residence is in this state; you pay your income taxes here; you are registered to vote here. Fee is $75/year; personalized plates are $15 extra.
Wisconsin does not require vehicle inspections.